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Company News

30 May 2019

Aeroflot announces 1Q 2019 IFRS financial results

Moscow, 30 May 2019 – Aeroflot Group (“the Group”, Moscow Exchange ticker: AFLT) today publishes its condensed consolidated interim financial statements for three months of 2019, in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards. Results are published in accordance with the new IFRS 16 Leases standard.

Key financial highlights for 1Q 2019:

  • Revenue increased by 23.3% year-on-year to RUB 138,041 million; 
  • EBITDA amounted to RUB 21,333million;
  • The net loss totalled RUB 15,746 million.

Andrey Chikhanchin, PJSC Aeroflot Deputy CEO for Commerce and Finance, said:

"In the first quarter of 2019 Aeroflot Group continued to develop in line with the approved strategy. The Group carried 12.8 million passengers, an increase of 16.2% year-on-year. Growth of passenger numbers and positive yield trends drove revenue higher by 23.3% to RUB 138.0 billion.

"Market factors including FX swings and fuel costs remained significant for our results in comparison with the year-ago period. As in previous quarters, the most substantial influence on costs in 1Q 2019 was higher fuel costs. The Group's total fuel costs increased by RUB 9.7 billion, or 28.4%, as prices rose by 10.2% in ruble terms compared to the first quarter of 2018. The higher cost of jet fuel in the reporting period, despite a 5.4% decrease in Brent crude prices, was due to a 16.3% depreciation of the ruble against the US dollar compared to the year-ago period. CASK increased by 6.4%, due to currency movements as well as fuel costs.   

"As a result of the new IFRS 16 Leases standard coming into effect and replacing IAS 17, in 2019 a number of metrics in our consolidated financial statements are changing. In line with the new standard, the Group has recognised in its financial statements assets and liabilities relating to all aircraft leasing agreements, including those relating to aircraft that were previously classified as aircraft on operational leases. This accounting change affects our balance sheet, including total assets and liabilities, and also a number of items in the profit and loss account and the cash flow statement. Our decision to usefully retrospective method for the transition to the new standard, and the work we have done to introduce it, are designed to minimise the effect of the transition on profitability and the volatility of profitability measures in future.

"The winter season is traditionally the toughest time of year for the industry, as airlines continue to shoulder fixed costs while demand troughs as a result of the seasonality that can clearly be seen in passenger numbers. This seasonal effect, combined with the continued impact of fuel prices and stronger currency effects, were the reasons for the net loss for the reporting period of RUB 15,746 million.

"The bulk of the year is ahead, including the high season. Our results may be significantly affected by jet fuel prices, which remain high but are also showing signs of relative stabilisation compared to previous months. Aeroflot's management team remains committed to active revenue management and strict cost control throughout the year to minimise the impact of macroeconomic factors."

Key operating highlights

 

1Q 2019

1Q 2018

Change

Passengers carried, thousand PAX

12,764

10,985

     16.2% 

- international

5,731

4,888

     17.2% 

- domestic

7,033

6,097

     15.4% 

Revenue Passenger Kilometres, million

33,542

28,743

16.7%

- international

20,565

17,568

     17.1% 

- domestic

12,976

11,175

     16.1% 

Available Seat Kilometres, million

43,043

36,624

     17.5% 

- international

26,547

22,504

     18.0% 

- domestic

16,496

14,120

     16.8% 

Passenger load factor, %

77.9

78.5

   (0.6 p.p.)

- international

77.5

78.1

  (0.6 p.p.)

- domestic

78.7

79.1

  (0.5 p.p.)

 

In 1Q 2019, Aeroflot Group carried 12.8 million passengers, up 16.2% year-on-year. 

Key financial highlights

RUB million, unless stated otherwise

1Q 2019

1Q 2018

Change

Revenue

138,041

111,942

23.3%

EBITDA

21,333  

17,583  

21.2%

Loss for the period

(15,746)

(10,415)

51.2%

Revenue

RUB million, unless stated otherwise

1Q 2019

1Q 2018

Change

Passenger traffic revenue 

119,255  

96,896  

23.1%

  - scheduled passenger flights

113,391  

91,107  

24.5%

  - charter passenger flights

5,864  

5,789  

1.3%

Cargo flight revenue

4,173  

3,778  

10.5%

Other revenue

14,613  

11,268  

29.7%

Total revenue

138,041  

111,942  

23.3%

In 1Q 2019, Aeroflot Group’s revenue increased by 23.3% year-on-year to RUB 138,041million.

Revenue from scheduled passenger flights increased by 24.5% year-on-year to RUB 113,391million, due to an increase in passenger traffic. Revenue growth was affected by an increase in yields on both international and domestic flights. Revenue from charter flights increased by 1.3% to RUB 5,864 million.

Cargo revenue rose by 10.5% to RUB 4,173 million year-on-year as cargo and mail volumes grew by 3.7%.

Other revenue increased by 29.7% year-on-year to RUB 14,613 million due to a rise in FX-denominated revenues from agreements with other airlines and a rise in revenues from frequent flyer programme.

Introduction of IFRS 16 standard

InJanuary2019,theGroupmade a number of changes to its accounting policies regarding leases. The changes bring the Group’s policies into line with the new IFRS 16 Leases standard, which replaces the provisions of the IAS 17 and interpretations regarding leases.

Thenewstandarddefines the principles of recognition, evaluation, presentation and disclosure of information in financial statements regarding leases. Allleaseagreementsgrantlessees the right to use the asset from the moment the agreement comes into force, and to obtain financing if lease payments are made over a period of time. In line with this, IFRS16 does away with the IAS 17 classification of leasing operations as either operating or financial, and instead introducesasinglelesseeaccountingmodel. Under thismodel,theGrouprecognisesinitsfinancialreportingallassetsandliabilitiesfor allleaseslongerthan12months, exceptforcaseswhen the underlying object is of low value, and accounts for depreciation of recognised right-of-use assets separately from interest on the lease liability in the composition of the profit or loss for the period.

TheGrouphastakenthedecisiontouse fully retrospective restatement for the transition to the new standard when recalculating comparative measures for each accounting period.Right-of-use assets and their respective liabilities and financial assets were assessed for the purposes of the switch to IFRS 16 as though the new standards had always applied. The comparative results in the consolidated statement of financial position, the consolidated profit and loss accounts, and the total revenue and cash flow statements were calculated in accordance with the new IFRS 16 standard.  


Operating costs

RUB million, unless stated otherwise

1Q 2019

1Q 2018

Change

Aircraft servicing and passenger services

28,871  

21,908  

31.8%

Depreciation, amortisation and customs duties

27,232  

20,779  

31.1%

Staff costs

22,579  

21,218  

6.4%

Sales and marketing, administration and general expenses

6,669  

6,160  

8.3%

Aircraft maintenance

6,174  

4,109  

50.3%

Lease expenses

1,179  

771  

52.9%

Other net expenses

7,537  

6,151  

22.5%

Operating costs less aircraft fuel

100,240  

81,095  

23.6%

Aircraft fuel

43,700

34,042

28.4%

Total operating costs

143,940

115,138

25.0%

Operating costs increased by 25.0% to RUB 143,940million, primarily due to an increase in operations – capacities increased by 17.5% year-on-year.

In 1Q 2019, aircraft fuel costs increased by 28.4% year-on-year to RUB 43,700 million. This was due to a 10.2% year-on-year increase in the average price of aircraft fuel in rubles amid changes in the price of oil, as well as an increase in flight numbers and flying time. Excluding fuel costs, operating costs increased by 23.6% year-on-year to RUB 100,240 million. 

Expenses related to aircraft servicing and passenger service amounted to RUB 28,871 million, a 31.8% increase year-on-year, due primarily to the growth of passenger traffic and increased airport fares.These expenses were also affected by an increase in services provided to Aeroflot by other organisations at Sheremetyevo airport following the transfer of domestic flights to Terminal B. 

Amortisation and customs tariffs increased by 31.1% year-on-year to RUB 27,232 million. The increase was due to the expansion of the Group’s fleet over a 12-month period. Following the introduction of the IFRS 16 standard, depreciation expenses become more significant as they affect all aircraft on the Company’s balance sheet.

Staffcosts increased by 6.4% year-on-year to RUB 22,579 million, due to a year-on-year increase in the number of employees to support the Group’s growth. 

Selling, general and administrative expenses (SG&A) increased by 8.3% year-on-year to RUB 6,669 million. The Group continues to maintain strict control of non-operating expenses.

Expensesrelatedtoaircraftservicingandpassengerservice increased by 50.3% year-on-year to RUB 6,174 million. These expenses were affected by an increase in aircraft servicing, which in turn was due to an increase in flight numbers and flying time, as well as ruble depreciation. 

Lease expenses amounted to RUB 1,179 million. These include expenses associated with short-term leases, variable lease payments and lease of low-value assets, which under the IFRS 16 standard are not recognised as the Group’s liabilities and assets.

Other expenses increased by 22.5% year-on-year to RUB 7,537million.

Asaresultofthesefactors, EBITDAtotalledRUB21,333 million.

Non-operating gains and losses

RUB million, unless stated otherwise

1Q 2019

1Q 2018

Change

Operating loss

(5,899)  

(3,196)  

84.6%

Profit from investments, net

227  

215  

5.6%

Finance income

1,506  

1,943  

(22.5%)

Finance costs

(14,547)  

(9,938)  

46.4%

Realised hedging result

(1,017)  

(1,293)  

(21.3%)

Share of results of associates

40  

(2)  

-

Loss before tax

(19,690)  

(12,271)  

60.5%

Income tax

3,944  

1,856  

2.1х

Loss for the period

(15,746)  

(10,415)  

51.2%

In 1Q 2019, finance income decreased by 22.5% year-on-year to RUB 1,506 million due to lower earnings from exchange-rate differences. Financecosts increased by 46.4% year-on-year to RUB 14,547 million, due to the expansion of the fleet. 

The realised loss from hedging of RUB 1,017 million was attributable to a realised result related to hedging of USD-denominated revenue through USD-denominated lease obligations.Thedecreasewas due to FX swings in 1Q 2019. 

Aeroflot Group’s net profit for 1Q 2019 amounted to RUB 15,746 million.

Debt and liquidity

RUB million, unless stated otherwise

31.03.2019

31.12.2018

Change

Loans and borrowings

15,071

3,486

4.3х

Lease liabilities

630,388

661,182

(4.7%)

Pension liabilities

890

908

(2.0%)

Total debt

646,349

665,576

(2.9%)

Cash and short-term investments

47,265

30,148

56.8%

Net debt

599,084

635,428

(5.7%)

 

Followingtheintroductionofthe IFRS16standard,lease liabilities increased mainly by the stated amount of liabilities that existed under lease agreements previously classified as operating leases. Previously future payments under these agreements were not classified as liabilities and were not reflected in the balance sheet, while current payments under agreements relating to comparative reporting periods were reflected in the profit and loss account. Therefore, the change in debt under the IFRS 16 standard is an accounting (“paper”) change that is not associated with a real increase in the company's liabilities or a change in its financial position. The business model of the Group and its contractual obligations have not changed.

As of 31 March 2019, totaldebtin accordance with IFRS 16 decreased by 2.9% compared to 31 December 2018, to RUB 646,349 million. The reduction was due to adjustments to the valuation of leases following the strengthening of the ruble against the dollar as of 31 March 2019 compared to 31 December 2018.

Investor enquiries:

Aeroflot Investor Relations
+7 (495) 258-06-86
ir@aeroflot.ru

Media enquiries

Aeroflot Press Service
+7 (495) 752-90-71
+7 (499) 500-73-87
+7 (495) 753-86-39
presscentr@aeroflot.ru